Earning LEED Credits
The green building designation showing Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design has fast become a building standard. LEED is a voluntary certification sought by building owners for new or existing buildings. Elements of a building’s design, construction and materials earn credits towards a possible total of 100 points. Four levels of LEED certification can be earned based on the number of credits a building earns.
HTS can help your project team earn the following LEED credits:
- Optimize Energy Performance
- Enhanced Refrigerant Management
- Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring
- Increased Ventilation
- Indoor Air Quality Management Plan
- Indoor Chemical and Pollutant Source Control
- Controllability of Systems
- Thermal Comfort – Design
- Thermal Comfort – Verification
- Enhanced Acoustical Performance
HTS has tackled numerous projects in recent years to help buildings achieve LEED-certification and can help you design systems to reach your LEED goals, too. Please visit http://www.usgbc.org or http://www.gbci.org for more information about this coveted certification.
Understanding Sound Management
While the performance and efficiency of HVAC equipment is paramount to building owners, these goals are obsolete if the noise emitted by the machine is too loud for an end-user’s environment. Engineers must understand the actual sound power levels in order to make a fair comparison between two pieces of similar equipment.
HTS works hand-in-hand with the building’s design team to ensure that both space NC and sound power are at acceptable levels. Understanding both the amplitude, measured in decibels, and the frequency of the sound, measured in Hertz, our engineers are valuable partners in designing and equipping a space with the most efficient, effective and quiet HVAC equipment on the market today.
Calculating Heat Gain
Obviously, the basic goal of HVAC equipment is to cool an enclosed space for potential end-users of the building. However, as the electrical motors used in this cooling equipment generate their own heat from operation, engineers must incorporate this additional heat gain into the overall design of a building.
HTS engineers and sales representatives have a thorough knowledge of heat gain produced by its bevy of equipment, and therefore are vital consultants from the beginning of a design plan.
Measuring Efficiency and Performance
Efficiency and performance are the names of the game when it comes to primary goals of engineers and building owners. HTS project managers are well versed in essential ratios and coefficients that translate directly into maximum effectiveness and performance of all its HVAC system equipment. Incorporated into all HTS plans are detailed Coefficient of Performance (COP) ratios, measuring the cooling or heating output to the energy input of a compressorized unit and Energy Efficiency Ratios (EER), which indicate the cooling efficiency of a unit. HTS project managers routinely correspond with engineers to relay important equipment efficiency and performance parameters:
- KW/ton = 12 / EER
- KW/ton = 12 / (COP x 3.412)
- COP = EER / 3.412
- COP=12 / (KW/ton) / 3.412
- EER = 12 / KW/ton
- EER = COP x 3.412
Evaluating Refrigerant Properties
In addition to evaluating sound and heat gain of HVAC equipment, the design team also must consider the effect of various low, medium and high pressure refrigerants on the overall performance of the machinery. We will also work with you to ensure your system complies with all federally-mandated phase-out schedules of certain refrigerants.
Knowing the Building Codes
The design and construction teams must adhere to a set of defined building codes throughout the entire fabrication and building process. HTS engineers work with the construction teams to make sure they are complying with city-specific mechanical, fire protection, energy, and other regional building codes. For more information on standards and codes, the ASHRAE website is a great resource.